Category Archives: Uncategorised

Battery Energy Storage in Various Battery Sizes

Find the energy contained in standard battery sizes

The table below shows the battery volume for cell sizes AAA, AA, C, and D. The volume does not change with the type of battery, but the weight does, as shown here.

Battery
Cell Size
Volume
ml
Alkaline
Weight g
Carbon-Zinc
Weight g
NiCad
Weight g
NiMH
Weight g
Lithium Ion
Weight g
AAA3.9129.71112
AA8.32419292624
C26.565488582
D55.813598200170

Energy storage in AAA batteries

Battery
Type
Avg. voltage
During discharge
milli-Amp
hours (mAh)
Watt-hours
Wh
Joules
J
Alkaline
Long-life
1.22511501.415071
Carbon-zinc1.13200.351268
Nickel-Cadmium1.23000.361296
NiMH1.28000.963456

Energy storage in AA batteries

Battery
Type
Avg. voltage
During discharge
milli-Amp
hours (mAh)
Watt-hours
Wh
Joules
J
Alkaline
Long-life
1.22521222.609360
Carbon-zinc1.15910.652340
Nickel-Cadmium1.210001.204320
NiMH1.221002.529072
Lithium Ion3.68533.111050

Energy storage in C batteries

Battery
Type
Avg. voltage
During discharge
milli-Amp
hours (mAh)
Watt-hours
Wh
Joules
J
Alkaline
Long-life
1.22578009.5634398
Carbon-zinc1.121722.398600
Nickel-Cadmium1.225003.0010800
NiMH1.245005.4019440

Energy storage in D batteries

Battery
Type
Avg. voltage
During discharge
milli-Amp
hours (mAh)
Watt-hours
Wh
Joules
J
Alkaline
Long-life
1.2251700020.8374970
Carbon-zinc1.147335.2118743
Nickel-Cadmium1.250006.0021600
NiMH1.2950011.4041040

Lithium-Thionyl Chloride — Special Mention

Although non-rechargeable,Lithium-Thionyl Chloride has the highest energy storage per kilogram of any battery type. Lithium-Thionyl Chloride cells do not supply high discharge currents, typically 1/10 the current of other cell types. However they last for 20 years, and withstand temperature extremes of -55 to +150 degrees C. For more information on Lithium-Thionyl Chloride batteries, contact Tadiran Battery Co.

Lithium-Thionyl Chloride
(non-rechargeable)
Avg. voltage
During discharge
milli-Amp
hours (mAh)
Watt-hours
Wh
Joules
J
AA cells3.624008.6431104
C cells3.6850030.60110160
D cells3.61900068.40246240

Finally, if you would like a D-size battery that can supply 20 amperes of current for a short time (5 seconds), that will last for 10 years, check out the Ultracapacitor at Maxwell Technologies Inc. It is not really a battery at all, it is a 350 farad capacitor rated 2.5 volts. Yes, we said farads, not microfarads. As such it can store 277 Joules at 2.5 volts. This is not a great amount of energy storage, hence the limited discharge time. However, it can deliver more peak current than a lead-acid battery of the same size, and it recharges easily more than 500,000 times. The cost compares favorably with other D-size rechargeable batteries, but the cost per Watt-hour is not too good, $195.

Mods Bring LEGO To Star Wars Battlefront II

Finally, a way to combine LEGO Star Wars and Star Wars Battlefront in the one game.

Here’s a mod by Dulana57 that swaps out DICE’s Yoda for a LEGO one instead:

Love it. Sadly it looks like a lot of work for purely cosmetic results, work few are willing to put in, as I could only find one other LEGO mod for the in-game action itself, these LEGO Battle Droids by EldeBH:

Anyone looking for a nostalgic menu screen, though, can at least install this portrait replacement mod by HighElfArcher.

These are all obviously only for the PC version of the game. And if they’re not LEGO enough for you, remember, there’s a new LEGO Star Wars game coming out next year.

Brisbane’s First Lego-Certified Store Is Opening at Westfield Chermside This Weekend

It includes a mosaic of the Story Bridge, a Pick-a-Brick wall and build-your-own Lego Minifigure stations.

Brisbane’s first Lego-certified retail store is opening in Chermside this Saturday. It follows in the footsteps of other Lego-certified stores around Australia and the world in cities such as Sydney, Melbourne, London, New York and Shanghai. Investment firm Alceon Group is behind the new retail space – it holds the distribution rights for Lego in Australia and New Zealand.

What will you find inside? A shedload of bricks, obviously, with a range of sets for sale that will include hard-to-find products. Otherwise, there will be play tables allowing kids both big and small to get constructing; build-your-own Lego Minifigure stations, where you can customise your own figurine with heads, torsos, legs, hats and accessories; and a Pick-a-Brick wall, which allows punters to buy a quantity of bricks and parts to help complete a special Lego project.

Located on Level 1 of Westfield Chermside, the 205 square metre retail space also draws inspiration from Queensland icons and includes a Story Bridge mosaic hand-made over 337 hours from 137,311 individual bricks, and a 3D “Aussie Adventurer” model that features 70,000 bricks and took 396 hours to build.

The store opens at 9am on Saturday. Customers who spend $199 or more in one transaction will receive a limited-edition Lego Store set, with the first 100 people through the door landing a free gift.

Chermside Lego Store
Shop 380A, Level 1, Westfield Chermside

Return to the Moon with Blue Origin’s Rockets and Lunar Lander Made Out of LEGO

Indulge your inner man-child (or woman-child) with these LEGO versions of the Blue Origin Blue Moon lunar lander, New Glenn rocket, and launch tower. This new design is currently gathering supporters on the LEGO Ideas website. If it gets enough supporters, LEGO will review it and possibly build it.

The kit is based around the Blue Origin effort to get to the Moon. It features their New Glenn reusable rocket, the launch tower, and the Blue Moon lunar lander. The kit also includes a large rover, four mini-rovers, and a satellite to deploy on the way.

The New Glenn Rocket, Launch Tower, Lander, and Rovers set. Image Credit: Roche/Nolan.
The New Glenn Rocket, Launch Tower, Lander, and Rovers set. Image Credit: Roche/Nolan.

The complete kit, including the optional rocket stand, is over 2700 pieces, and includes over 50 decals. The New Glenn rocket is over 101 cm (40 inches) tall. The kit was created by Valerie Roche and Matthew Nolan, co-creators of the Saturn V set and the SpaceX Ultimate Collection and Starship-Super Heavy LEGO sets.

Lookin' good! Image Credit: Roche/Nolan.
Lookin’ good! Image Credit: Roche/Nolan.

On the LEGO Ideas site, designers pitch their ideas for LEGO kits and try to gain supporters. If they get 10,000 supporters, then the LEGO company will review it and may decide to build it. Valerie and Matthew’s Saturn V set passed the threshold and is available to purchase.

“It’s rare to hit the magic 10k, but with the enormous public interest in space currently, every rocket project we’ve submitted to date has made it!”

Matthew Nolan, Designer.
The LEGO Blue Moon Lander. If the designers reach 10,000 supporters, LEGO will review it and may put it into production. Image Credit: Roche/Nolan.
The LEGO Blue Moon Lander. If the designers reach 10,000 supporters, LEGO will review it and may put it into production. Image Credit: Roche/Nolan.

The new Blue Origin set has 1700 supporters, and there’s lots of time to show your support. Valerie and Matthew’s Saturn V set was a huge hit, and the reviews are overwhelmingly positive.

The business end of the New Glenn Rocket with 7 BE-4 engines. Image Credit: Roche/Nolan.
The business end of the New Glenn Rocket with 7 BE-4 engines. Image Credit: Roche/Nolan.

The duo have a track record of successful LEGO designs. Matthew Nolan told Universe Today: “It’s rare to hit the magic 10k, but with the enormous public interest in space currently, every rocket project we’ve submitted to date has made it! The team at Blue Origin have gotten behind us, giving fantastic support and encouragement.”

Lego Pays Homage To Its Heritage With A Wonderful Wooden Minifig

The 5:1 scale minifig is strictly limited edition, and celebrates the company’s heritage as a wooden toy maker

Leog 5:1 scale wooden minifig

In 1932 Ole Kirk Christiansen, founder of The Lego Group, started making and selling wooden toys out of his shop in Billund, Denmark. The company continued making wooden toys until 1960, two years after the Lego brick as we know it today was born. Now The Lego Group celebrates old and new with a seven inch tall, $US120 ($174) minifigure made out of wood. Well, except for the hands.

The Lego Originals Wooden Minifigure, available starting November 3 at Lego.com, is not so much a toy as it is a collectible art piece. Crafted from real oak, other than the hands, which are plastic for gripability purposes, the piece neatly sums up the whole of Lego history.

It’s a 5:1 scale minifigure (meaning it’s five times bigger than normal) of the classic minifigure design, but made from FSC Certified oak, with plastic iconic yellow hands.

It comes with a small collection of Lego bricks, which can be built into a few different accessories for it to hold, including a guitar, a camera, and a pen. Obviously, you can also build anything else you want to accessorise it with using more bricks from your collection.

Customisation is the name of the game, actually. Part of the idea is that you can have it as just a beautiful wooden decoration like it comes – as we said, it’s currently planned to be strictly limited edition, and it comes in a premium gift box, so it’ll be a great collectible for Lego nuts – but Lego also encourages you to make it your own.

Paint it, dress it up, build Lego creations around it – do whatever you like, really. It’s a really fun way to celebrate over 40 years of the Lego minifig, and the origins of everyone’s favourite Danish brick maker.

LEGO® City 60197 Passenger Train!

LEGO TRAIN 60197
Lego City Train #61097

Climb aboard the LEGO® City 60197 Passenger Train! This fun set features a motorized engine with 10-speed Bluetooth remote control and opening nose cone, driver’s cabin with opening window, 2 cars with removable roofs, seats and tables, a full circular track with 16 curved and 4 straight rails, plus a buildable platform with 2 seats and train service map, train signal and 4 LEGO minifigures.

  • Includes 4 LEGO® minifigures: 2 passengers, a train conductor and a train attendant.
  • Features a motorized engine with 10-speed Bluetooth remote control and opening nose cone, pantograph on the roof and driver’s cabin with opening window and control panel, plus a café car with removable roof and tables, and a passenger car with removable roof, seats and tables.
  • Also includes a platform with 2 seats and train services map, a full circular track with 16 curved rails and 4 straight rails, plus a buildable train signal pole.
  • Accessory elements include 3 mugs, 3 muffins, a hot dog, croissant, messenger bag and a suitcase with LEGO® box inside.
  • Lift off the roof to access the passenger train cabins filled with cool details.
  • Operate the train with the 10-speed Bluetooth remote control.
  • Drive to the platform and pick up or unload passengers.
  • Set the rails in different ways to fit your city’s style.
  • This product requires batteries (not included). Please refer to the product packaging for types and quantities.
  • The included Bluetooth remote is not compatible with older infrared remote-controlled LEGO® train sets.
  • Passenger Train with cars measures over 4” (11cm) high, 27” (69cm) long and 1” (5cm) wide.
  • Engine section measures over 4” (11cm) high, 10” (26cm) long and 1” (5cm) wide.
  • Platform measures over 2” (7cm) high, 4” (11cm) wide and 2” (6cm) deep.

LEGO City 60198 Cargo Train

Load up the powerful LEGO® City 60198 Cargo Train and deliver the goods on time! This cool LEGO City set features a motorized engine with 10-speed Bluetooth remote control, accessible driver’s cabin, a crane wagon with rotating and extendable boom arm, container wagon with 2 containers, and a log wagon, plus an armored truck with opening doors, and a forklift with opening roll cage and lifting forks. This cool LEGO train set also includes a full circular track with 16 curved rails, 16 straight rails and a railroad switch with lever, plus a control center with ladder and 2 buildable pallets with money bills, gold bar elements, a snow scooter and 6 LEGO minifigures.

  • Includes 6 LEGO® minifigures: 4 train workers, a security officer and a crook.
  • Features a motorized engine with 10-speed Bluetooth remote control, pantograph on the opening roof, and driver’s cabin with control panel.
  • Also features a log wagon, crane wagon with rotating and extendable boom arm, and a container wagon with 2 containers with hooks on the roof for loading and space for pallets.
  • Includes a control center with ladder and signal lights, a full circular toy train track with 16 curved rails, 16 straight rails and a railroad switch with lever, a money transport truck with opening doors, and a working forklift with opening roll cage.
  • Accessory elements include a wrench, 12 gold bar elements and 4 money bills, plus 2 buildable pallets, 3 logs and snow scooter.
  • Open the roof to access the engine car filled with cool details.
  • Operate the cargo train with the 10-speed Bluetooth remote control.
  • Lift and load logs onto the log wagon with the crane’s rotating arm and hook.
  • Push the lever on the railroad switch to drive the train to a different track for loading or unloading.
  • Load pallets into the containers with the forklift before lifting them onto the container wagon with the crane.
  • Set up the tracks in different configurations to load or offload cargo around your city.
  • This product requires batteries (not included). Please refer to the product packaging for type and quantities.
  • The included Bluetooth remote is not compatible with older infrared remote-controlled LEGO® train sets.
  • Cargo Train in total measures over 4” (11cm) high, 32” (82cm) long and 2” (6cm) wide.
  • Engine measures over 4” (11cm) high, 10” (27cm) long and 2” (6cm) wide.
  • Log wagon measures over 1” (5cm) high, 5” (15cm) long and 2” (6cm) wide.
  • Crane wagon measures over 4” (10cm) high, 8” (22cm) long and 1” (5cm) wide.
  • Container wagon measures over 3” (9cm) high, 7” (18cm) long and 1” (5cm) wide.
  • Armored truck measure over 2” (6cm) high, 6” (15cm) long and 2” (6cm) wide.
  • Control center measures over 8” (21cm) high, 3” (8cm) wide and 4” (12cm) deep.
  • Forklift measures over 2” (7cm) high, 2” (5cm) wide and 4” (12cm) deep.

Will Arnett to Host Unscripted Competition Series ‘LEGO Masters’ for FOX

For the amateur architect within us all, LEGO Masters is on the way from FOX, to be hosted by gravelly voiced comic actor Will Arnett. The unscripted competition reality series is based on the British series of the same name. Each episode will feature pairs of LEGO enthusiasts going head-to-head in building challenges. All the while, Arnett and a panel of expert judges (go figure) will provide encouragement to the builders, and introduce new challenges. In the end, one duo will hold the title of LEGO Masters.

Not holding the title of LEGO Masters are children who leave LEGO pieces on the floor, in the paths of their barefooted, unsuspecting parents.

Said FOX’s Alternative Entertainment and Specials President, Rob Wade of the show:

“This show is an hour of fun for the whole family and Will is the ideal host. He’s already a member of the LEGO family and his passion for this show is infectious. He’s also a great collaborator and, let’s be honest, he’s hilarious – which makes him perfect for this competition.”

the-lego-batman-movie-will-arnett

Image via Warner Bros.

Arnett, who will also serve as an executive producer, is no LEGO novice. He famously voiced the funniest Batman there ever was in The LEGO MovieThe LEGO Batman MovieThe LEGO Movie 2: The Second Part, and The LEGO Batman Movie 2, coming in 2022. The Arrested Development veteran can currently be heard voicing the titular character on Netflix’s BoJack Horseman.

“It gives me piece of mind to be able to continue building my relationship with The LEGO Group,” Arnett said. “Ultimately, my goal is Danish citizenship.”

Here’s an official synopsis from the network:

Based on the hit British reality-competition series of the same name, LEGO MASTERS brings imagination, design and creativity to life when teams of LEGO enthusiasts go head-to-head, with infinite possibilities and an unlimited supply of LEGO bricks. Teams of two will compete against each other in ambitious brick-building challenges to be crowned the country’s most talented amateur LEGO builders. In each episode, the competing pairs who impress the judges the most will progress to the next round, until the finale, during which the top teams will face off for a cash prize, the ultimate LEGO trophy and the grand title of LEGO MASTERS.

The show premieres Wednesday, February 5 on FOX.

Full list of LEGO sets retiring in 2019

A list of LEGO sets due to retire in 2019 has been published, giving fans some tips on what to buy before the end of December.

Following the previous lists of LEGO Star Wars sets expected to retire this year and nextThe Brick Fan has published a list that covers all of the sets due to retire before the year is out. According to the long-running website, the source is credible, so this may be the perfect way to plan some Christmas purchases.

Here is the list in full:

Architecture
21030 United States Capitol Building
21041 Great Wall of China

City
60141 Police
60173 Mountain Arrest
60182 Pickup & Caravan
60195 Arctic Mobile Exploration Base
60200 Capital City
60202 People Pack: Outdoor Adventures
60204 City Hospital
60209 Sky Police Diamond Heist
60223 Harvester Transport
60235 Advent Calendar

Creator Expert
10243 Parisian Restaurant
10257 Carousel

Creator
31073 Mythical Creatures
31074 Rocket Rally Car
31079 Sunshine Surfer Van
31084 Pirate Roller Coaster

Classic
10712 Bricks and Gears

DC Comics
76095 Aquaman: Black Manta Strike
76112 App-Controlled Batmobile
76116 Batman: Batsub and the Underwater Clash
76117 Batman Mech vs. Poison Ivy Mech
853744 Knightmare Batman Acc. Set 2018

Disney
41153 Ariel’s Royal Celebration Boat
41154 Cinderella’s Dream Castle
41160 Ariel’s Seaside Castle
41162 Ariel, Aurora, and Tiana’s Royal Celebration

Friends
41339 Mia’s Camper Van
41340 Friendship House
41345 Heartlake City Pet Center
41346 Friendship Box
41347 Heartlake City Resort
41363 Mia’s Forest Adventure
41365 Emma’s Art Studio
41368 Andrea’s Talent Show

Harry Potter
75950 Aragog’s Lair
75951 Grindelwald’s Escape
75952 Newt’s Case of Magical Creatures
75964 Advent Calendar

Ideas
21309 NASA Apollo Saturn V
21311 Voltron
21313 Ship in a Bottle
21314 TRON: Legacy
21315 Pop-Up Book

Marvel
40343 Spider-Man and the Museum Break In
76104 The Hulkbuster Smash-Up
76105 The Hulkbuster: Ultron Edition
76134 Spider-Man: Doc Ock Diamond Heist

Minecraft
21135 The Crafting Box 2.0
21142 The Polar Igloo
21147 The Bedrock Adventures
21148 Steve BigFig with Parrot
21149 Alex BigFig with Chicken
21150 Skeleton BigFig with Magma Cube
853609 Skin Pack 1

NINJAGO
70620 Ninjago City
70657 Ninjago City Docks
70669 Cole’s Earth Driller
853866 Accessory Set 2019

Overwatch
75970 Tracer vs. Widowmaker
75971 Hanzo vs. Genji
75972 Dorado Showdown

Seasonal
80103 Dragon Boat Race

Speed Champions
75884 1968 Ford Mustang Fastback
75885 Ford Fiesta M-Sport WRC
75886 Ferrari 488 GT3 “Scuderia Corsa”
75888 Porsche 911 RSR and 911 Turbo 3.0
75889 Ferrari Ultimate Garage

Star Wars
75181 Y-Wing Starfighter
75210 Moloch’s Landspeeder
75220 Sandcrawler
75222 Betrayal at Cloud City
75225 Elite Praetorian Guard Battle Pack
75226 Inferno Squad Battle Pack
75228 Escape Pod vs Dewback Microfighter
75229 Death Star Escape
75230 Porg
75233 Droid Gunship
75245 Advent Calendar
75247 Rebel A-Wing Starfighter
75259 Snowspeeder – 20th Anniversary Edition
75261 Clone Scout Walker – 20th Anniversary Edition
75262 Imperial Dropship – 20th Anniversary Edition

Technic
8293 Power Functions Motor Set
42070 6×6 All Terrain Tow Truck
42072 WHACK!
42073 BASH!
42074 Racing Yacht
42075 First Responder
42078 Mack Anthem
42079 Heavy Duty Forklift
42080 Forest Machine
42089 Power Boat
42094 Tracked Loader

The LEGO Movie 2
70820 LEGO Movie Maker
70823 Emmet’s Thricycle!
70824 Introducing Queen Watevra Wa’Nabi
70825 Queen Watevra Wa’Nabi’s Build Whatever Box!
70828 Pop-Up Party Bus
70829 Emmet and Lucy’s Escape Buggy
70835 Rex’s Rexplorer
70837 Shimmer & Shine Sparkle Spa
70838 Queen Watevra’s ‘So-Not-Evil’ Space Palace
70840 Welcome to Apocalypseburg!

Bear in mind that this list is reported in good faith, there is always the possibility that some sets may sell out sooner or may stay in stock longer than expected. It is a useful guide though for those debating what sets to purchase during the remainder of 2019.

Lego Billionaire Kjeld Kirk Kristiansen Builds New ‘Campus’—With Bricks

Lego has announced the opening of a new campus in Billund, Denmark, inspired by a painting of the toymaker’s famous plastic blocks in billionaire owner Kjeld Kirk Kristiansen’s office.

The first phase of the quirky C.F. Møller Architects-designed project, which when completed in 2021 will span 54,000 square meters and will house 2,000 Lego staff, opened on October 28. Lego-style bricks appear in the exterior walls and two gigantic yellow blocks are perched on the roof.

Niels B. Christiansen, CEO of the Lego Group, said that the workspace “reflects our values” and “instills a sense of fun.” Adding, “Our mission is to inspire children so it’s important we provide our talented colleagues with an environment that is playful and inspires creativity and innovative thinking.”

The Lego Group was founded in Denmark in 1932 by Ole Kirk Kristiansen. Its name comes from the Danish words LEg GOdt, which mean “play well.” Nowadays ownership of a 75% stake in Lego is split evenly between Kjeld Kirk Kristiansen, Sofie Kirk KristiansenThomas Kirk Kristiansen and Agnete Kirk Thinggaard.

The new campus has a focus on sustainability and Lego confirmed that builders have covered the roof of the nearby parking garage with 4,150 solar panels to produce more than 1 million kWh, which will supply half of the energy of the campus.

The Danish toymaker has largely weathered a growing consumer backlash against plastic-based products but continues to trial initiatives to bolster its sustainability record. Lego has invested $110 million (1 billion Danish kroner) in a project to replace petroleum in its construction blocks by 2030 and unveiled a pilot scheme for bricks to be recycled in the United States earlier this month.

Lego Campus. Built with bricks.
Lego campus built with bricks.LEGO

Kjeld Kirk Kristiansen said in 2016 his mission was to “inspire and develop the builders of tomorrow”  but promised a “continued ambition to leave a positive impact on the planet, which future generations will inherit.”

A staircase inside Lego's new Silicon Valley-style campus.
A staircase inside Lego’s new Silicon Valley-style campus.LEGO GROUP